Fonds F 3044 - John Duncan Byrnes fonds

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John Duncan Byrnes fonds

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ON00340 F 3044

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17 cm of textual records

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John Duncan Byrnes (1869-1935) was a Presbyterian/United Church minister and administrator. He was born in Cumberland, Ontario, and educated at Queen's University (B.A. 1898, D.D. 1901). He was ordained in 1901 and served in Presbyterian churches in northern Ontario, including Gore Bay and Cobalt. He was Superintendent of Home Missions for Northern Ontario from 1910 until his retirement in 1929. In this capacity he was anxious to bring religious and social services to the new Canadians of 'New' Ontario, the Finns, Russians, Italians and other European immigrants who worked the mines and built the railways of the region.

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Fonds consists of diaries, addresses, reports, clippings about work in Northern Ontario, including writing Byrnes did concerning the immigrant workers in the recently opened North. In his address, 'Mission to the Camps,' Byrnes estimated that 80 per cent of his congregation was made up of foreigners, "Russians, Swedes, Galacians [Ukrainians], Bohemians, Poles, Finlanders, Norwegians, Italians...". Church services to the unchurched, and social services to provide citizenship training for recent immigrants, are the basis for much of his writings.

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  • English

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